Ideologies

Read e-book online "Tyrannei der Mehrheit": Tocqueville und Rousseau im Streit PDF

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By Sebastian Ketting

Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2010 im Fachbereich Politik - Politische Theorie und Ideengeschichte, observe: 1,3, Technische Universität Dresden (Politikwissenschaft), Veranstaltung: Proseminar: Einführung in die Politische Theorie, Sprache: Deutsch, summary: foundation für diese Untersuchung ist Tocquevilles Hauptwerk „Über die Demokratie in Amerika“, Rousseaus „Vom Gesellschaftsvertrag“, sowie zahlreiche, diese beiden Autoren betreffende, Sekundärliteratur, in der die Themen Freiheit, Demokratie und Tyrannei im Mittelpunkt stehen.

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Download e-book for iPad: Jean-Jacques Rousseau in der Kritik (German Edition) by Christian Hochmuth

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By Christian Hochmuth

Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2010 im Fachbereich Politik - Politische Theorie und Ideengeschichte, be aware: 3,0, Technische Universität Dresden (Institut für Politikwissenschaft), Veranstaltung: Einführung in das Studium der politischen Theorie und Ideengeschichte, Sprache: Deutsch, summary: Jean-Jacques Rousseau ist einer der kontroversesten und einflussreichsten Autoren der Neuzeit. Angetrieben von der Hoffnung auf ein besseres Dasein in einer gerechten Gesellschaft mit moralisch guten Bürgern, stellt er sich als Idealist, mancher möge meinen, als Utopist seinen Lesern vor. Der im Jahr 1712 in Genf geborene Franzose machte vor allem die Gesellschaft dafür verantwortlich, dass aus der vormals guten Natur der Menschen eine schlechte geworden sei. Er hat sich auf die Suche nach einer Lösung für dieses challenge gemacht und ein Kerngedanke, von dem, was once er gefunden hat, ist Gegenstand dieses Textes. Diese Seminararbeit wird sich mit ihm und seinem Demokratieverständnis auseinandersetzen. Außerdem wird die Kritik von Ernst Fraenkel an dem Ansatz Rousseaus dargestellt. Hierbei wird es um die Frage gehen, inwieweit das Konzept wirklich auf die Freiheit des Menschen ausgerichtet ist. Rousseau wird von den unterschiedlichsten politischen Perspektiven rezipiert und für deren jeweilige Ansichten zitiert. Die Einen sehen in ihm einen Begründer des Liberalismus, andere halten ihn für einen Ideengeber und Verfechter des Totalitarismus. Sein Ideengut hat sich tief in das Demokratieverständnis der Europäer eingegraben und steht dem heute weit verbreiteten pluralistischen Grundgedanken entgegen.Zentrale Fragestellung dieser Arbeit ist, welcher politischen Richtung Rousseau eher zuzuordnen ist.

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Get The Democracy Sourcebook (MIT Press) PDF

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By Robert A. Dahl,Ian Shapiro,José Antonio Cheibub

The Democracy Sourcebook deals a suite of vintage writings and modern scholarship on democracy, making a ebook that may be utilized by undergraduate and graduate scholars in a large choice of classes, together with American politics, diplomacy, comparative politics, and political philosophy. The editors have selected mammoth excerpts from the fundamental theorists of the prior, together with Jean-Jacques Rousseau, John Stuart Mill, Alexis de Tocqueville, and the authors of The Federalist Papers; they position them facet by way of facet with the paintings of such influential smooth students as Joseph Schumpeter, Adam Przeworski, Seymour Martin Lipset, Samuel P. Huntington, Ronald Dworkin, and Amartya Sen.The booklet is split into 9 self-contained chapters: "Defining Democracy," which discusses procedural, deliberative, and substantive democracy; "Sources of Democracy," on why democracy exists in a few nations and never in others; "Democracy, tradition, and Society," approximately cultural and sociological preconditions for democracy; "Democracy and Constitutionalism," which specializes in the significance of self sufficient courts and a invoice of rights; "Presidentialism as opposed to Parliamentarianism"; "Representation," discussing that is the fairest procedure of democratic responsibility; "Interest Groups"; "Democracy's Effects," an exam of the influence of democracy on monetary development and social inequality; and at last, "Democracy and the worldwide Order" discusses the results of democracy on diplomacy, together with the propensity for battle and the erosion of nationwide sovereignty by means of transnational forces.

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Get The Cult of Individualism: A History of an Enduring American PDF

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By Aaron Barlow

American individualism: it's the cause of American luck, however it additionally tears the country apart.

• records how the idea that and execution of "American individualism" is as various as the United States itself

• Explains how the yankee idea of individualism has roots that stretch again to cultural myths that predate the founding of the nation

• Spotlights the position of the "Borderer" tradition spearheaded by means of the Scots-Irish, whose legacy fuels a lot of America's modern cultural and political divides

• offers eye-opening info for any reader who needs to grasp why such a lot of of our 21st-century political debates in the US appear hopelessly irreconcilable

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Read e-book online Beyond the Color Line and the Iron Curtain: Reading PDF

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By Kate A. Baldwin

Examining the numerous impression of the Soviet Union at the paintings of 4 significant African American authors—and on twentieth-century American debates approximately race—Beyond the colour Line and the Iron Curtain remaps black modernism, revealing the significance of the Soviet adventure within the formation of a black transnationalism.
Langston Hughes, W. E. B. Du Bois, Claude McKay, and Paul Robeson every one lived or traveled widely within the Soviet Union among the Nineteen Twenties and the Nineteen Sixties, and every mirrored on Communism and Soviet lifestyles in works which have been mostly unavailable, neglected, or understudied. Kate A. Baldwin takes up those writings, in addition to substantial fabric from Soviet sources—including articles in Pravda and Ogonek, political cartoons, Russian translations of unpublished manuscripts now misplaced, and mistranslations of significant texts—to give some thought to how those writers inspired and have been stimulated by means of either Soviet and American tradition. Her paintings demonstrates how the development of a brand new Soviet citizen attracted African americans to the Soviet Union, the place they can discover a countrywide id putatively freed from type, gender, and racial biases. whereas Hughes and McKay later renounced their affiliations with the Soviet Union, Baldwin indicates how, in numerous methods, either Hughes and McKay, in addition to Du Bois and Robeson, used their encounters with the U. S. S. R. and Soviet versions to reconsider the exclusionary practices of citizenship and nationwide belonging within the usa, and to maneuver towards an internationalism that used to be a dynamic mixture of antiracism, anticolonialism, social democracy, and overseas socialism.
Recovering what Baldwin phrases the "Soviet archive of Black America," this booklet forces a rereading of a few of an important African American writers and of the transnational circuits of black modernism.

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Download PDF by Ian Reifowitz: Obama's America: A Transformative Vision of Our National

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By Ian Reifowitz

Our nationwide id is outlined via what it capability to be an American and whom we comprise and why once we discuss “the American people.” A country’s nationwide id is fluid, and Ian Reifowitz argues that President Barack Obama, via emphasizing the beliefs americans carry expensive, hopes to redefine ours in a primary manner. Obama’s belief of the USA emphasizes rules of nationwide team spirit: First, all americans, despite their historical past and cultural traditions, may still determine with the US as their nation, dependent upon shared democratic values, a shared heritage, and a shared destiny. moment, the United States may still include all its electorate as energetic members in a single “family.” Reifowitz explores Obama’s trust that strengthening our universal bonds will motivate americans to rectify the injustices and heal the racial divisions that also plague our country.

We find a way to illustrate to the area society of many races and cultures can actually turn into one humans. In dealing with terrorism, violent fundamentalism, and different protection matters, Obama’s reaction facilities on a robust, inspiring, and really inclusive American narrative. by means of bolstering America’s identification as different but unified, he goals either to counter the anxieties and fears that radicalism stokes and provides proponents of non secular and political freedom a version they could shield. The stakes couldn’t be any greater in identifying America’s future.

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Jung's Wandering Archetype: Race and religion in analytical - download pdf or read online

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By Carrie B. Dohe

Is the Germanic god Wotan (Odin) fairly an archaic archetype of the Spirit? was once the 3rd Reich before everything a collective individuation procedure? After Friedrich Nietzsche heralded the "death of God," may perhaps the divine were reborn as a collective kind of self-redemption on German soil and within the Germanic soul? In Jung’s Wandering Archetype Carrie Dohe provides a learn of Jung’s writings on Germanic psychology from 1912 onwards, exploring the hyperlinks among his perspectives on faith and race and delivering his point of view at the solutions to those questions.



Dohe demonstrates how Jung’s view of Wotan as an archetype of the collective Germanic psyche was once produced from a mix of an historic discourse at the Germanic barbarian and glossy theories of primitive faith, and the way he additional hired völkisch ideology and diverse colonialist discourses to distinction hypothesized Germanic, Jewish and ‘primitive’ psychologies. He observed Germanic psychology as harmful but very important, promising rebirth and rejuvenation, and in comparison Wotan to the Pentecostal Spirit, suggesting that the Germanic psyche contained the mandatory pressure to beginning a brand new collective psycho-spiritual perspective. In racializing his religiously-inflected mental thought, Jung mixed non secular and clinical discourses in a very seductive manner, masterfully weaving jointly the target language of technology with the everlasting language of fable. Dohe concludes the publication via analyzing using those principles in glossy Germanic faith, during which contributors declare that faith is an issue of race.



This in-depth research of Jung’s perspectives on psychology, race and spirituality may be attention-grabbing studying for all teachers and scholars of Jungian and post-Jungian reports, spiritual reviews and the background of religion.

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Genocide and Fascism: The Eliminationist Drive in Fascist - download pdf or read online

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By Aristotle Kallis

This publication investigates how fascism – as an ideology and political praxis – reconfigured the ideological, political, and ethical panorama of interwar Europe, producing an environment of maximum ‘license’ that facilitated the bounce into eliminationist violence. It demonstrates how fascist ideology associated the chance of violent ‘cleansing’ to utopias of national/racial regeneration, therefore encouraging and legitimizing specific hatred opposed to specific ‘others’. It additionally exhibits how the diffusion and internationalization of fascism within the Thirties produced a feeling of a innovative new starting and created a transnational fascist ‘new order’ within which Nazi Germany got here to occupy a effective place of authority. The e-book analyzes how the eliminationist initiative and precedent of Nazi Germany grew to become a moment ‘license’ that empowered fascist regimes throughout Europe to embark on their lonesome eliminationist initiatives with lowered responsibility. eventually, it examines how this ‘license’ – more suitable by means of the activities of fascists and the cave in of order as a result of global War Two – published members and groups from the load of felony and ethical responsibility, turning them into accomplishes within the such a lot extensive, brutal, and devastating genocidal crusade that the continent had ever skilled.

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